Disclaimer – I am NOT a professional – I’m a hobbiest – I’ve only been embroidering since December of 2013 – I found there is so little out there to help us learn how to complete an embroidery project from beginning to end, I thought I’d try to take some photos of the steps that I do in hopes that it might help someone else in the learning process. This may not be the “right” way, but it works for me.
I start almost EVERY clothing item project by printing out my embroidery design. Here, I’m printing out the 3″ circle monogram I want to sew onto my t-shirt. This design includes a merged-in basting stitch as the first “stop.” I’ll give you more information about where to download a basting stitch file later in the tutorial.
The design prints out with vertical and horizontal centering lines as well as crosshair lines in the center – these are the important part of why you want to use a printed copy of your embroidery design for clothing (you’ll see why when I get to the hooping part of this tutorial)
Cut away the excess paper from around your design – make sure you don’t cut off the horizontal and vertical centering lines. Once you have the design cut out – spray the BACK of your printed paper design with temporary spray adhesive – I use Sulky KK2000.
Go a mirror and place the paper in the spot were you’d like your monogramming or design to be on your shirt. Once you have it in place, pin the top of the paper design to your shirt so it doesn’t come off when you take the shirt off.
With the shirt laying on a flat surface center up your design so that it looks straight on your shirt (I just eye-ball this – I don’t usually remove the pin that I attached when I was doing the design placement in the mirror). Add additional straight pins so that you have a pin at the top and bottom and both sides of your design. I use flower-top heat-resistant straight pins that I ordered from Joann Fabrics and Crafts.
Next, turn your shirt inside-out. Here you can see where the design is based on the pin placement.
Place a piece of fusible poly mesh stabilizer on your shirt – center the stabilizer over the pins. I try to have at least a one inch border of excess stabilizer past my pin/design area on all sides. Iron down the poly mesh stabilizer (note – you have to use FUSIBLE poly mesh – the point of this is to stabilize the knit fabric so that it doesn’t move or stretch in the hooping or sewing process. Hooping sew-in poly mesh won’t work as well).
For hooping, I used my Monster Snap Hoop. Please note that it isn’t that important for your design to be completely in the center of the hoop (you can see mine isn’t). What is important is that the design is completely level with the hoop rulers vertically and horizontally. It’s also very important that you don’t stretch your fabric while centering the design in the hoop. Over stretching your fabric in the hoop will cause puckering.
To assure leveling horizontally I place a ruler along the printed lines on my printed design and make sure that the ruler falls at the same measurement on the left and the right side of the hoop (again, it doesn’t have to be at zero or perfectly in the center).
I do this same ruler-centering process for the vertical leveling. You can see that my design falls about an eighth of an inch past the center to the right at both the top and the bottom – it’s NOT important to be at zero – it’s important that the leveling lines on your design fall at the same measurement at the top and bottom.
For a little extra stability during the sew out I’m going to take a 10×12 sheet of tear away stabilizer and fold it in half to use under my hoop. I’m specifically choosing NOT to use cut away here because the shirt fabric weight is very light and cut-away will give the sew-out bulk which will show through the shirt when it’s done – I don’t want that.
I don’t hoop the tear-away stabilizer, I just push it under the hoop after I’ve attached the Monster Snap Hoop to my embroidery machine.
This is the control panel on my Brother PE-770 embroidery machine. I have already saved the design I want to sew-out from my computer to my flash drive. I’ve plugged my flash drive into the side of my machine. By touching this icon, I’m telling the machine I want to sew a design that is located on my flash drive. If you have a different machine, your control panel will likely look different, but there will be options to do the same steps – they may just look different.
Next I need to tell my machine WHICH design on my flash drive I want to sew. Scroll left or right until you see the design you want to sew out on the screen. Touch the design you want to sew.
Next you have to send the design from the flash drive to the machine – touch the “upload” icon to send your selected design to the machine.
The hoop will do some shifting around, and will likely land in a place that isn’t at the center of your design. HERE is reason the printed design with the crosshairs in the center becomes so important. You need to tell the machine where the center of your design is. You can see that my design falls left and a little lower than center in this photo.
To tell the machine where the center of your design is, choose “ADJUST” on the control panel.
Then choose “LAY-OUT”
Touch the arrows to move your hoop left or right and up or down to get your needle to fall exactly in the center of those crosshairs on your printed design.
See how the crosshair centerpoint falls exactly in the center of my needle hole (I’m sure it’s really called something other than a “hole,” but you know what I mean)… THIS is what you want the centering to look like before you begin sewing.
You don’t have to do this step if you don’t want to – I like to use it – I think Heat Away gives me a much cleaner sew-out, but it is optional if you just don’t want to use a “topper.”
I’ve removed the paper copy of my design now that I’ve centered my needle with the cross-hairs (I don’t move the hoop to remove the paper design – just take the pins out carefully – be sure not to move the fabric or the hoop while you are unpinning the paper) . Once I have my Heat Away layer in place, it’s time to push “GO!!”
I almost always use a basting stitch (unless it would make holes in my project that would be seen later – like leather purses or some canvas tote bags). I use a basting stitch file that I merge into my design as the first “stop.” I got my basting stitch files from Embroidery Garden and they were FREE! You can get those here: http://www.embroiderygarden.com/shop/free-designs-projects/basting-files-basj65.html
After the basting stitch sews out, the machine will likely stop and wait for you to tell it that you are now ready to begin sewing your design. You might have more than two “stops” if you have several colors in your design.
I like to stop my machine to cut the “jump threads” between each monogram letter. You don’t have to do this, but the OCD in me tells me to do it! 🙂